Over 20,000 cuneiform tablets, which date back to Abraham’s time period, explain many of the patriarchal traditions of Genesis.
Over 20,000 tablets, many containing law similar to the Deuteronomy law code. The previously thought fictitious five cities of the plain in Genesis 14 (Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, and Zoar) are identified.
They detail customs of the 14th and 15th century parallel to the patriarchal accounts such as maids producing children for barren wives.
Proved that writing and written laws existed three centuries before the Mosaic laws.
Temple Walls of Karnak, Egypt
Signifies a 10th century BC reference to Abraham.
Laws of Eshnunna (ca. 1950 BC)
Lipit-Ishtar Code (ca. 1860 BC)
Laws of Hammurabi (ca. 1700 BC)
Show that the law codes of the Pentateuch were not too sophisticated for that period.
Ras Shamra Tablets
Provide information on Hebrew poetry.
Describe Nebuchadnezzar’s invasion of Judah and give insight into the time of Jeremiah.
References Gedaliah is spoken of in 2 Kings 25:22.
Authenticates the Biblical description of Cyrus’ decree to allow the Jews to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem (see 2 Chronicles 36:23; Ezra 1:2-4).
Gives information about Omri, the sixth king of Israel.
Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III
Illustrates how Jehu, king of Israel, had to submit to the Assyrian king.
Contains an Assyrian text which detail Sennacherib’s attack on Jerusalem during the time of Hezekiah, king of Israel.
PAST CHARGES BY CRITICS
ANSWERED BY ARCHAEOLOGY
Moses could not have written Pentateuch because he lived before the invention of writing.
Writing existed many centuries before Moses.
Abraham’s home city of Ur does not exist.
Ur was discovered. One of the columns had the inscription “Abram.”
The city built of solid rock called “Petra” does not exist.
Petra was discovered.
The story of the fall of Jericho is myth. The city never existed.
The city was found and excavated. It was found that the walls tumbled in the exact manner described by the biblical narrative.
The “Hittites” did not exist.
Hundreds of references to the amazing Hittite civilization have been found. One can even get a doctorate in Hittite studies at the University of Chicago.
Belshazzar was not a real king of Babylon; he is not found in the records.
Tablets of Babylonia describe the reign of this coregent and son of Nabonidus.